Latest research on Lithium

Lithium was used during the 19th century to treat gout. Lithium salts such as lithium carbonate (Li2CO3), lithium citrate, and lithium orotate are mood stabilizers. They are used in the treatment of bipolar disorder, since unlike most other mood altering drugs, they counteract both mania and depression. Lithium can also be used to augment other antidepressant drugs. It is also sometimes prescribed as a preventive treatment for migraine disease and cluster headaches. The active principle in these salts is the lithium ion Li+, which having a smaller diameter, can easily displace K+ and Na+ and even Ca+2, in spite of its greater charge, occupying their sites in several critical neuronal enzymes and neurotransmitter receptors.

Latest findings

To better understand the Lithium intercalation/de-intercalation mechanism, CV measurements of GNGC/MWCNTs and TNGC/MWCNTs at a scan rate of 0.1 mV s−1 from 0.005 to 3.0 V were performed [Fig. 7 (a,b)]. [source, 2016]
In the subsequent cycles, the reduction peak at ~1 V disappears, implying the loss of some irreversible Lithium storage sites during the first cycle45. [source, 2016]
The excellent cycle stability and the improved Lithium storage capacity of TNGC/MWCNTs are consistent with the CV and the typical discharge/charge test results in Fig. 7, which can be explained as follows. [source, 2016]
The coin-type batteries (LIR2025) were assembled with Lithium metal as the counter/reference electrode and 1 M LiPF6 in ethylene carbonate, diethyl carbonate and ethylmethyl carbonate (1:1:1 by volume) as the electrolyte. [source, 2016]
BY4741 cells were transformed with the PCR product using a standard Lithium acetate transformation method and were selected on either YPD plates with appropriate drug selections or synthetic Complete (SC) plates with appropriate amino acid dropouts. [source, 2016]
BY4741 cells were transformed with the PCR product using the Lithium acetate method and selected on SC-LEU plates. [source, 2016]
A sensor node is typically powered by a limited-capacity Lithium battery, which supplies the circuitry by providing the current required to sustain each component of the node. [source, 2016]
In this study, we use a LP903158 Lithium battery manufactured by ZONCELL Corporation (Shenzhen, China) with a storage capacity of 2500 mAh on our sensor node. [source, 2016]
The DS2780 is a 16-bit professional measure IC for estimating the available capacity for rechargeable Lithium batteries. [source, 2016]
Total RNA was isolated from frozen tissues by Lithium chloride precipitation according to Napoli et al. [59], except that DNase I (Takara Bio, Otsu, Japan) was used to remove genomic DNA. cDNA was synthesized from 1 μg of total RNA using an oligo (dT) 18 primer or random primer cocktail (Takara Bio, Otsu, Japan) according to Dwiyanti et al. [60]. [source, 2016]