Latest research on Magnesium

Magnesium hydroxide is used primarily in "Milk of Magnesia", a white aqueous, mildly alkaline suspension of magnesium hydroxide formulated at about 8%w/v. Milk of magnesia is primarily used to alleviate constipation, but can also be used to relieve indigestion and heartburn. When taken internally by mouth as a laxative, the osmotic force of the magnesia suspension acts to draw fluids from the body and to retain those already within the lumen of the intestine, serving to distend the bowel, thus stimulating nerves within the colon wall, inducing peristalsis and resulting in evacuation of colonic contents.

Latest findings

59% RH) in desiccators containing saturated Magnesium nitrate solution. [source, 2016]
The t1/2 values at 80°C were increased from 150 min to 180 min when Magnesium and Mannitol were added in combination (Figure 7(d)). [source, 2016]
Three patients developed one episode of hypokalemia, two had one episode of hypocalcaemia, and two had hyponatremia; only nine patients had their Magnesium levels measured during treatment, and two of them had hypomagnesaemia. [source, 2016]
Furthermore, studies have shown that animals with Magnesium deficiency had higher SP levels in their cardiac lesions than did normal animals [24] and that blockade of NK-1R significantly reduced ROS production in cardiac cells and improved diastolic and systolic function in these animals [24, 25]. [source, 2016]
Magnesium is a physiological Calcium channel blocker and noncompetitive antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. [source, 2016]
There is only one study in the literature using Magnesium sulfate as an adjuvant with local Anesthetic for peribulbar block. [source, 2016]
The current randomized, double-blinded, prospective study was designed to evaluate the effect of addition of Magnesium sulfate to standard local anesthetics mixture on the time for onset of globe and lid akinesia with peribulbar block in ophthalmic surgeries. [source, 2016]
Miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) were recorded from pyramidal cells of the hippocampal CA1 region at a holding potential of -65 mV with an internal solution containing 126 mM K-gluconate, 4 mM NaCl, 1 mM EGTA, 1 mM MgSO4, 0.5 mM CaCl2, 3 mM ATP (Magnesium salt), 0.1 mM GTP (sodium salt), 10 mM glucose and 10 mM HEPES-KOH, pH 7.28, osmolarity adjusted to 280 mOsm. [source, 2016]
The minerals Calcium, Copper, zinc, Magnesium, potassium, phosphorous, sodium and iron were ranged 1.92 ± 0.12 g/kg DM, 6.38 ± 0.14 mg/kg DM, 104.5 ± 1.38 mg/kg DM, 2.42 ± 0.11 g/kg DM, 22.65 ± 0.26 g/kg DM, 3.10 ± 0.13 g/kg DM, 0.28 ± 0.09 g/kg DM and 312.45 ± 2.88 mg/kg DM, respectively in ZRDP samples. [source, 2016]
Patients of Group NS received a mixture of 4.5 ml of 2% Lidocaine, 4.5 ml of 0.5% Bupivacaine and1 ml saline (total 10 ml) while Group MS patients received a mixture of 4.5 ml of 2% Lidocaine, 4.5 ml of 0.5% Bupivacaine and 50 mg of Magnesium sulfate in 1 ml of saline (total 10 ml) for the peribulbar block. [source, 2016]